友達との会話に使えるカジュアルで自然な英語フレーズ

small-talk-at-bar 英語学習

TOEICやビジネス英会話を中心に勉強をすると、カジュアルな場面で使う口語・会話のためのフレーズを意外と知らないということがあります。実際、ネイティブのカジュアルな会話は難しい言い回しなどなく短いフレーズを効果的に使って感情を表現しています。英会話上達に向けて、使いやすいショートフレーズを紹介します。

 

自然なフレーズで英会話上達

good-time-in-officeネイティブが普段遣いする言葉を知っておくと、朝のちょっとした挨拶で近く感じるようになります。避けて通れない大音量の音楽鳴り響くクラブではカジュアルな短いフレーズでないと聞こえません。複雑な公文や単語は使われないですし、映画やドラマで聞いたことがある表現が多いと思います。ポジティブ、ネガティブな意図をもった表現では自分の理解を伝えることもできます。意図を感じながら話したり理解できるようになりたいです。

 

友達に挨拶する

Hi!
Hey!
How’s it going?
How’re you going?
How are things?

アメリカでよく使われる
What’s up! (dude, men…)

イギリス・オーストラリアでよく使われる
Alright, yeah?
Hi mate!

友人のグループに挨拶
Hi everyone!
Hey guys!

久しぶりにあった時
How have you been?
It’s been ages since I saw you

今日どうだった?と聞く

どちらかというと前向き、ポジティブな雰囲気で今日はどう?と聞く場合
Had a good day?
Good day? 
What’s new?

少し元気がない、なにかあったのかな?という場合
You seem not in a great mood today
Looks like you haven’t had a good day
You seem a bit tired
You seem a bit stressed
You seem a bit distracted

間違いなく不機嫌、ハッピーではないムードの場合
Crappy day, isn’t it?
Weather sucks, doesn’t it? 

わざと天気のせいにして本心は「どしたの?」と聞く場合
This weather sure does suck! 
Can’t believe this rain!

共有の知人について聞く
How are the kids?
How’s Ken going?
Please say ‘hi’ to Ken for me.
Please tell ‘hi’ to John for me. 

オープンクエッションに回答する

ポジティブ
Great!
Couldn’t be better
Pretty good

ネガティブ
Pretty tired

A bit tired 
Things are great
So-so
alright, I guess

外見をほめる

You look great!
Hey I really like your new hairstyle.

I really love those shoes – where’d you get them?
You look like you’ve been working out(アスレジャー風のファッションの人に)
You look in great shape!
Those glasses really suit you! 

SOをつけてトピックを切り替える

So, how have you been?! 
So what’s new? 
So do you fancy a drink? 
So did you get the job?
So, I guess I better go

お互いの共有の話題をフルとき

So, how are things with your girl frirend?
So, how’s it going with your girl friend (work, your boss)?
So, how did it go with that girl (guy)?
So, how did the conference (meeting, your job, job interview) go?
How are the folks?
How’s your dad (mum) going?
Say ‘hi’ to your folks for me!

驚きを期待するトピックを伝える時

You’ll never guess… (I resign the job)
You won’t believe this… (I got the job!)
Have you heard… (Ken is promoted)

スポーツの話題をフルとき

Hey did you catch the game last night?
The Mariners are doing great, aren’t they?
They’re playing great
They are terribly this year
Who do you think’ll win this weekend?

びっくりしたことを伝える

No way! 
You’re kidding! 
You’re joking!
Really?
That’s terrific!
That’s terrible!
That’s shocking!

I can’t believe that!

会話のトピックを変えたい

I’m not really sure what to say.
Could be better, but not to worry.
I’m sure things’ll get better soon.
How are things at your end?
Not good. What about you?
Things are fine.
I’m sure I’ll manage fine.
Yeah, you know how it is.

お誘い

How about we go to the cinema?
How about going to the pub?
What about going to the pub?

お誘いへの返答

前向きに答える時
Sounds good
Great, see you then!

Wonderful 
Cool, see you there!

行けるのかわからない時
Maybe, I’m not sure yet
Let me get back to you

お断りする時
I can’t, sorry, I have something else on.

Sorry, I can’t.
(Sorry), I’m really busy right now.

会話を中断する

Sorry, gotta go. I’ve got a meeting
Well, guess I’d better go
Well, better be off
Hey let’s catch up later this week

 

ナンパのための言葉

try-to-attract-girs異性をナンパするための表現はたくさんネット上にあります。これらの表現は、たゆまない努力の結晶としてよく考えられていて、ナンパ以外にも利用することができますし、同僚や友達と飲む時にジョークとして使うこともできます。異性が興味を持ってくれた後の簡単なゲームなど検索すると興味を引き出しいて、会話を続ける表現が用意されています。

街頭ナンパ

Hi, I don’t believe we’ve met yet. I’m Ken.

Hey real quick, this is totally random, but I just saw you over here and I thought you were absolutely stunning. I had to come over and risk embarrassment and say ‘hi’.

Do you know where Starbucks is? [she answers] Actually I’m not even looking for Starbucks, I just thought you were absolutely adorable and wanted to meet you.

クラブ・パブでナンパ

Hi I’m John, I just think fun people should know each other. You are fun right?

Are you shy? Because I’ve been here for 10 minutes and you haven’t talked to me yet, or flirted with me, or bought me a drink…you must be shy.

会話を続ける、めげない追加の質問

Tell me something interesting about yourself, besides your looks

I’m really picky about who I hang out with so tell me something cool about you

I like women who like to travel so tell me your favorite place to go

I’m really into fitness, do you workout?”

If you had any super power what would it be?

If we could wake up together anywhere in the world where would it be?

Would you rather have a man that is a great lover or who has a lot of money?

When you were a little girl what did you want to be when you grow up?

If you could meet anyone dead or alive who would it be?”